In Rwanda as well as in other African countries, land is considered as an important resource. 91% of the population living in Rwanda depends on agricultural production that comes from land cultivation. On the other hand, land is viewed as inalienable, as it should be controlled and accessed by man and woman. Women’s access to land and housing, and the type and strength of women’s rights to land and housing, have been recognized as an important development issue in Rwanda. Secure property rights for women have made an impact on household decision making, and women’s overall role and position in the household and community (World Bank. 2005. Gender Issues and Best Practices in Land Administration Projects: A Synthesis Report). Also as the Beijing platform for action identifies the eradication of the persistent and increasing burden of poverty on women as one of 12 critical areas of concern requiring special attention by the international community, government and civil society, the Rwanda national land policy embark on legislative and administrative reforms to give women full and equal access to economic resources, including the rights to inheritance and to ownership of property and land. (The official gazette of Rwanda)
Rwanda is the most densely populated country in Africa. Prior to the 1994 war, Rwanda was among the most rural countries in the world, but the war precipitated rapid urbanization.Land as a key element providing the best standards of living, is identified as one of the biggest issues faced by women and men in Rwanda, with women being the majority of those affected, and female headed households being very vulnerable. The marginalized position of women and their economic dependence on men as bread winners is in addition identified as one of the main causes of GBV in Rwanda. . Most Rwandans own the land that they work on. Traditionally, all land was formally held by the king and rights to the land were distributed to subjects by the local chiefs, but in practice, Rwandans controlled their own land and passed it down as an inheritance to their male children. Private land ownership was formalized during the colonial period and continued as a general practice. Overpopulation and related poverty have led to land accumulation by a limited elite and the emergence of a class of landless poor, but most rural residents, even the very poor, own at least some of the fields they


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